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Cuzco was the historic capital of the Inca Empire.
It was the site of the
elaborate and huge (700 priests resided) Temple of the Sun, whose walls
and floors were covered with gold, and contained many gold statues.
When the Spanish conquistadors came, they removed all the gold and shipped
it to Spain and demolished the temple and built the Santo Domingo Church
on the site. When we visited the church, we saw on some walls
remnants of the temple.
On a hill above Cuzco, there are the ruins of the Sacsahuamán fortress, a large complex built with huge rocks, precisely put in place. Next to the ruins is a large grassy area where Pope John Paul II said a mass before a huge gathering. There, he apologized to the Inca decedents for the brutal actions of the conquering Spanish in the name of the Catholic Church.