England and Wales

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The original Cardiff castle in Wales was built in the late 11th century by Norman invaders over a 3rd-century Roman fort on a strategic site that afforded easy access to the sea. 


The Castle passed to the 2nd Marquess of Bute who was responsible for turning Cardiff into the world's greatest coal exporting port and accumulated great wealth.

We toured the tower (background-right) which the 3rd Marquess of Bute lavishly renovated in the mid 1800s.


The fortune passed to 3rd Marquess of Bute, who by the 1860s was reputed to be the richest man in the world. 


Gold leaf and beautiful paneling was seen throughout.


We crossed from Wales to England and first visited the Roman baths in the city Bath.  In the 1st century AD the Romans used the natural hot springs as a thermal spa.

Next we traveled to the pre-historic site of Stonehenge.  Stonehenge is an ancient temple aligned on the movements of the sun.  The stones were raised 4500 years ago by sophisticated prehistoric people.

On to London, where we witnessed the changing of the guard at Buckingham Palace.

To play a short video, click on the following link.  It will take a few minutes to download.
Images/Changing of the Guard.mpg